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Treating Sensitive Gums

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Gum sensitivity can be mild or severe depending on the gum condition. Severe gum sensitivity and soreness can be a sign of a serious condition hence should be taken seriously. A dental check-up is therefore necessary upon the detection of such a problem.

There is a difference between sensitive teeth and gum sensitivity depending on the location of the pain, one may have difficulty in allocating whether the problem comes from the tooth or the gum.

Signs and symptoms

• Swelling

• Soreness

• Bleeding

• Bad breath

What causes gum sensitivity?

Flossing or brushing too hard can cause sensitivity. Precautions should, therefore, be taken to brush properly. Braces and dentures too can cause sensitivity, but this is temporary and short-lived.

1.Gum disease

This is the inflammation of the gums that often affects the tissues that hold the teeth together due to poor oral hygiene. Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease. The Symptoms include painful and swollen gums that may bleed easily leads to Periodontitis if the condition becomes chronic. Periodontitis occurs when plaque spreads below the gum line. This triggers a strong inflammatory response in the tissue supporting the teeth and bones. In severe cases, it could result in tooth loss if the gums separate from the teeth.

2.Vitamin C deficiency (Scurvy)

Scurvy is caused by inadequate Vitamin C in the body or when the body has difficulty in absorbing enough Vitamin C. The symptoms include Red swollen and bleeding gums.


Smoking causes cancer and damage to the gums and teeth leading to gum disease.

4.Hormonal changes

Hormonal changes occur during Puberty, menstruation, pregnancy or menopause. Hormonal changes can increase blood flow in the mouth resulting to sensitivity.

5.Oral infections

Oral infections such as canker sores, mouth ulcers can cause irritation on the gums resulting in sensitivity.

6.Stress levels

The stress hormone at a high-level causes’ inflammation on different parts of the body including gums leading to sensitivity.

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