This is deep cleaning below the gum line to prevent gum disease. Material deposit in form of plaque tends to accumulate overtime due to
improper brushing. Plaque deposits contain bacteria which can cause irritation. Bacteria in the plaque causes inflammation of the gums. Inflammation means the gums pull away from the teeth creating spaces called pockets. Plaque then gets trapped in these pockets and cannot be removed by regular brushing, which can lead to bone and teeth loss if untreated. Professional cleaning called Scaling and Root Planing is required at this point.
Figure 1: Shows the side effects of gum disease
If gum disease is detected early and has not damaged the structures below the gum line, then professional cleaning would do. If the pockets between your gums and teeth is too deep, Scaling and root planing will be needed.
Side effects of gum disease
Plaque constantly forms on your teeth, when you eat or drink beverages with sugars or starches, the bacteria releases acids that attack the enamel leading to tooth decay. Plaque build-up can also lead to gingivitis which is the tender and red swollen gums that bleed. Severe periodontal gum disease is bound to occur if untreated. Gum tissue pulls away from the teeth, allowing bacteria to destroy the underlying bone supporting teeth. This may cause teeth loss.
Figure 3:shows a patient undergoing the cleaning procedure.
• Visit the dentist for check-up after every 6 months.
• Avoid much of sugary beverages and food.
• Brush your teeth properly at least twice before going to bed and after waking up.